facts about miriam in the bible


Biblical tradition recalls Miriam as the sister of Moses and Aaron who helped Moses lead the Hebrew slaves out of Egypt (Mic. Aaron Jochebed Amram Eleazar. This period of time verifies her cleanliness but does not restore her to wholeness. Daughter to Amram and Jochebe, and sister to Moses and Aaron, we first meet Miriam as a young girl who watches her baby brother being placed in … Most probably, the attack implicates Miriam in a struggle over the priestly leadership of Moses. Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. The sister of Moses and Aaron played an important role as the Israelites traveled from Egypt to Canaan. The meaning of “Cushite” is uncertain. Take the Quiz: Facts About Miriam: Are They True or False?. Which of these describes Miriam? …that in ancient Israel “Miriam, the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and dancing.” They are still played throughout the Middle East—in some areas in art-music ensembles, in others only in popular and folk… ver. At her triumphal entry, the living waters of the Red Sea surround her (Exod 15:19–20); at her demise the wells in the desert dry up (Num 20:2). She plays an important role in several episodes of Moses’ life and in the exodus of Israel from Egypt. She is called “Miriam the prophetess” in Exodus 15:20. Has he not spoken through us also?” (Num 12:2). When Pharaoh’s daughter finds Moses in a basket, Miriam offers to find a Hebrew mother to nurse the baby for her. After her punishment, she never speaks, nor is she spoken to. The Bible doesn’t portray its heroes and heroines as paragons of virtue. Jewish traditions, however, cannot tolerate her status as single. She is the only daughter of her family. While Miriam was looking after Moses, the daughter of Pharaoh came to the river to bathe and she saw Moses and had compassion on him. Miriam is also called a Prophetess - someone through whom God speaks. Moses' sister, Miriam, accompanied her younger brother when he led the Hebrew people in their escape from slavery in Egypt. 2 The woman conceived and bore a son; and when she saw that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. Miriam was the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron, all of whom were Levites. ch. 1.) The Greek name Mary is the equivalent of the Hebrew Miriam. Exodus 2:1–10 features an unnamed sister of Moses who helps deliver him at the Nile River. He… Miriam Facts for 9-13 Year Olds. Not only is this the first mention of Miriam’s name, but it is the first time we’re introduced to the concept of a prophetess. 20 March 2009. Despite the instructions of God and Moses, the people refuse to continue the march in the wilderness until the diseased Miriam is restored (Num 12:15). Miriam is referenced in the Old Testament of the Bible as a prophetess and originally emerges in the Book of Exodus. The first we see of Miriam is in her role as a protective sister. When her mother puts Moses in a basket and places it among the reeds of the Nile, Miiram watches from a distance. Category: Women in the Bible. Jeremiah says that in days to come, Israel will have a new exodus. How much do you know about her? The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia) Torah anonymously, as the sister of Moses who stands on the riverbank (Ex. Help us elevate the voices of Jewish women. and is the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the sister of Moses and Aaron. Miriam saves her brother Moses. Answer: Miriam in the Bible is Moses’ older sister. The woman is not named. Miriam is the first of six prophetesses mentioned in the Bible: Miriam (Exodus 15:21) Deborah (Judges 4:4) Huldah (2 Kings 22:14) Noadiah (Nehemiah 6:14) … Josephus (historian) states that Miriam marries Hur, Moses’ close companion. the leader of her brother Aaron at this time, for the brunt of the punishment for this insurrection fell upon her and she became leprous . Miriam had godly parents who trusted the God of Israel, however, Egypts Pharoah hated her people. Moses immediately pleads to God on her behalf; she is healed. The survival of the leader of the Exodus, Moses, depended on the courage and ingenuity of his sister Miriam. “I will find you a nurse,” she offered and then ran to get Jochebed. Miriam (Moses’ sister) watched over the basket – we don’t know why. (Viewed on January 6, 2021) . When Pharaoh’s daughter finds Moses in a basket, Miriam offers to find a Hebrew mother to nurse the baby for her. Unlike most women in the Bible, Miriam is never called wife or mother. She was a prophetess and first appears in the Book of Exodus. Miriam is the older sister of Aaron and Moses. Often, the reader sees the good in the heroes as well as the bad. She saw as Pharaoh's daughter's took pity on him. Two genealogies listing Moses, Aaron, and Miriam as the sole children of Amram support the identification (Num 26:59; 1 Chr 6:3). Bible Verses About Miriam And Aaron Bible verses related to Miriam And Aaron from the King James Version (KJV) by Relevance - Sort By Book Order . Her name in Hebrew means "bitterness." The historian Josephus deems Hur the husband of Miriam (Antiquities 3.54; see Exod 17:10–12). All rights reserved. Metaphorically, the divine nostril burns in anger to leave her stricken with scales like snow. Miriam is no exception. Miriam, Moses, and Aaron were all born to Jochebed while living in Egypt, Africa. Miriam was the first woman in the Bible to be given the title prophetess. Numbers 12:1-16 - And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he … Aaron pleads with Moses on her behalf, and Moses appeals to God. 2 The song of Miriam, Exodus 15:20-21. Miriam's clever thinking led to Moses' mother nursing him. 1 Miriam saved her brother Moses, Exodus 2:1-10. Exodus 15:20 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. It may refer to the African country of Cush (see Gen 10:6; 1 Chr 1:8) or to Midian, the region east of the Gulf of Aqabah from which Zipporah came (see Exod 3:1, 18:1; Hab 3:7). 4.) 1 Now a man from the house of Levi went and took to wife a daughter of Levi. Miriam takes Moses back to her mother. Miriam (מִרְיָם‎ Mīrəyām) was described in the Hebrew Bible as the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron. Rabbinic sources give her Caleb for a husband and Hur for a son (but compare 1 Chr 2:19). Brenner, Athalya. The historian Josephus deems Hur the husband of Miriam (Antiquities 3.54; see Exod 17:10–12). She has neither husband nor children. Copyright © 2021 BibleWise.com. Caleb was one of the twelve spies sent to reconnoiter the Land of Canaan, in preparation for the Israelites ' impending invasion of Israel.He and Joshua were the only two scouts who did not go along with the negative and pessimistic report provided by the other ten scouts. Miriam became the leader of the Hebrew women when they and their families escaped from Egypt. Jewish traditions, however, cannot tolerate her status as single. The statement about the tradition of the name of Mary being continued through the NT Marys was intriguing. She was described as a prophetess, and, in fact, is one of the seven major female prophets in the Bible. Later they reciprocate. She participates with Moses and Aaron to lead the Israelite community during the exodus and the wanderings. Miriam 's husband was Caleb son of Yefuneh of the tribe of Judah.1. Then in middle age Moses killed an Egyptian who was mistreating an Israelite, and he had to flee for his life. 6:4). She was recognized as a prophet of Israel and led the women in worship to remember what God had done. Miriam was a woman of God. Miriam died on the 10th of Nissan in the year 2487—a year to the day before the Jewish people crossed the Jordan into the Promised Land, under the leadership of Joshua. by Dina Coopersmith. Although her jealously later in life led to disaster, Miriam's quick wit as a young girl helped change the course of Israel's history by protecting its greatest spiritual … Moses is one of the most recognized figures of the Bible. It belongs to a corpus of women’s traditions that include the long Songs of Deborah (Judg 5:1–31) and Hannah (1 Sam 2:1–10). There is also reference to where Miriam is mentioned in the Holy Bible. In singing a song of deliverance (Luke 1:46–55), in embodying a demonic or diseased condition (Luke 8:2), and in challenging male authorities (Matt 28:10; Luke 24:10; John 20:11–18), the various Marys of the Gospels reflect their namesake. Miriam as a Child Miriam first appears in the biblical book of Exodus not long after Pharaoh decrees that all newborn Hebrew boys will be drowned in the Nile river. Miriam prudently asked her if she would like a Hebrew woman to nurse th… Many commentators identify her as Miriam. It is doubtful that Miriam saw much of Moses as he grew up in Pharaoh’s court. Miriam is the elder sister of Aaron and Moses. After the episode at the sea, Miriam surfaces in the wilderness narratives. Miriam thought quickly when Pharaoh’s daughter found the basket. 9. Three references to them at her death further underscore their loyalty to her. She is mentioned by name in the Song at the Sea, where she is called (Ex. I really enjoyed your fascinating commentary on Miriam. Miriam’s brother Aaron interceded before Moses for her and Moses pleaded to God that she be healed ( 12:11 , 12 ), and she was healed; however, she was compelled to remain outside the camp of Israel for seven days after the cleansing. Unlike most women in the Bible, Miriam is never called wife or mother. She was also a prophetess in her own right. Miriam, the Jealous Sister. Whatever her particular disease, Miriam remains a condemned woman, a warning for generations to come (see Deut 24:8–9). Miriam suffered with her fellow-Israelites for those forty years. Nature also honors Miriam. Here are six of the most interesting facts about him. But the text fails to explain the issue. Centuries later, prophecy remembers her as the equal of Moses and Aaron in representing God before the people (Mic 6:8). But the price of speaking out is severe. While she is often overlooked, Miriam was the only person right by Moses' side from birth to death. Standing on the banks of the Nile river, Miriam watched as her baby brother, Moses, lay hidden among the reeds. Throughout this essay we will gain a recognition of Miriam's qualities and the effect she had on the destiny of the Jewish nation. Miriam was prob. Miriam would have been only about 5 years old when this baby, Moses was born. Perhaps it was out of love for her little brother. The Bible doesn’t tell us her parents gave her that job (but maybe they did). This Quiz: Miriam. 3.) Miriam is the older sister of Aaron and Moses. Miriam in the Bible may best be known as the big sister who helped save her baby brother from certain death. Aaron died on Rosh Chodesh Av, and Moses died on the 7th of Adar 2488. 8. Miriam would have been in her 90s at this point. Though the meaning of the term prophet is here indeterminate, Miriam is the first woman ever to bear it. Accompanied by her brother Aaron, she speaks out against Moses (Num 12:1–6), faulting him for marrying a Cushite woman. 2). Called “the prophet Miriam, Aaron’s sister,” she leads Hebrew women in singing, dancing, and playing drums. She and her three-year-old brother, Aaron, had godly parents who trusted the God of Israel—but the king of Egypt hated her people. (The other Prophetess’ are: Sarah, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail, and Esther and Huldah). Exodus 15:21 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea. Miriam’s childhood in the slave quarters of Egypt was one of fear and uncertainty. Miriam is only mentioned by name in 14 verses in the Bible, but she is one of the most important people found in the pages of scripture. Miriam with Aaron also challenges the prophetic authority of Moses. Negative as well as positive traditions about Miriam testify to her prominence, power, and prestige in early Israel. Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. Miriam was called to play a less prominent role than Moses but nevertheless a vital … The Israelite Woman: Social Role and Literary Type in Biblical Narrative. As the inaugurator of a performance and composition tradition of song, drums, and dances in Israel, Miriam continues to resonate throughout its musical life (see Pss 68:25; 81:2; 150:4). She has neither husband nor children. She was indeed a prophet herself (Exodus 15:20).The fact that Miriam was a prophet is a little known fact because everyone concentrates on Moses. Your biblical references to support the characteristic “challenging authority” didn’t make sense to me til I changed it in my mind to “failing to recognize“ proper authority. Who Was Miriam's Mother? She asks, “Has the Lord spoken only through Moses? After they leave Egypt, Miriam dances and leads a victory song known as the “Song of the Sea.”. 2.) 7.After the crossing of the Red Sea "Miriam the prophetess" is her acknowledged title. Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. In other documents she is purported to be Hur’s mother and the wife of Caleb. Cain and Abel Moses and Aaron Jacob and Esau Isaac and Ishmael. Sheffield, England: 1985. MIRIAM, or, in Hebrew, Miryam; Israelite prophetess who flourished, according to tradition, in the thirteenth century bce. For the king had ordered to throw all Hebrew baby boys into the river (Exodus 1:22—2:4). Miriam first appears in the Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. Contrary to the impression that her one stanza sung at the sea (Exod 15:1–18) is but an abridgement of the lengthy song attributed to Moses (Exod 5:1–31), historical and literary studies show that the latter version is itself the Song of Miriam. Trible, Phyllis. Miriam Facts for 3-8 Year Olds. Thanks for your wonderful insight! New York: 2000. The Bible first mentions how Miriam saved Moses from Pharaoh’s deathdecree. There are a number of facts you may not know about him. Although Miriam is named a prophet, nowhere in Scripture does she function in the traditional prophetic role of speaking forth the word of … Miriam is most well-known to us as Moses's big sister. Categories: Moses, Women in the Bible. She may be Zipporah, the known wife of Moses (Exod 2:21, 18:2), or another woman. Her role in saving her baby brother and in celebrating the crossing of the sea highlights her concern for her people. Who were Miriam's two brothers? "the written Torah." Jochebed asked Miriam to watch over Moses who was placed among the bulrushes on the banks of the Nile to hide him from Pharaoh. Though God rebukes both Miriam and Aaron, the deity punishes only her. Miriam (rebellion), the sister of Moses, was the eldest of that sacred family; and she first appears, probably as a young girl, watching her infant brothers cradle in the Nile, ( Exodus 2:4) and suggesting her mother as a nurse. We first learn of Miriam as she and her three-year-old brother, Aaron, are welcoming a new child into the family.Unfortunately for that time, the baby was a boy, and there is a decree that all Hebrew baby boys be killed. There is no specified time of mourning for Miriam. If Miriam is the unnamed sister of chapter two (2:4, 7) she frames not only the narratives of Moses but also the entire exodus narrative. Indeed, she disappears altogether from the narrative until the announcement of her death and burial at Kadesh (Num 20:1). According to the Hebrew Bible, Miriam was the older sister of Moses and Aaron. Women in Scripture. Instiller of faith, enabler of redemption. Miriam, like Moses and Aaron, was a child of Amram and Jochebed (also known as Yocheved), both of the tribe of Levi.The prophet Micah recognizes all three siblings as Israel’s leaders when he proclaims in God’s name: “I redeemed you from the house of bondage, and sent Moses, Aaron, and Miriam to lead you” (Micah 6:4). She understands leadership to embrace diverse voices, female and male. Miriam, Aaron and Moses died within twelve months. Episode 54: Mamalas: Building Jewish Families, Encyclopedia Article: Art: Representation of Biblical Women, Copyright © 1998–2021, Jewish Women's Archive. Miriam is the most dynamic woman in the book of Exodus. What I have learnt is that Mary replaced the name Miriam.and the role of Miriam was then played by Mary.. according to my understanding but they were all great women of God. She becomes thereby the archetype of the female prophetic tradition, even as Moses heads the male (compare Deut 34:10). Miriam is the sister who watches over her baby brother Moses among the bulrushes on the banks of the Nile. Exodus 2:1-10. Miriam (מִרְיָם Mir-yām) was born in 1576 B.C. Forty more years passed, most likely with little or no contact between Moses and his sister. Moreover, prophecy includes her, though not by name, within its eschatological vision. She first appears by name, however, in the crossing of the Red Sea (Exod 15:20–21). It provides facts, a biography and information about this famous woman of the Bible for bible study. Miriam asked Pharaoh's daughter if she could find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child for her, and Pharaoh's daughter agreed. When she and Aaron grumble against Moses, she comes down with a case of leprosy. Who was Miriam's father? A prophetess A seer A harlot A gypsy. In the New Testament Miriam’s afterlife continues through her name and her deeds. All answers are true or false. "Miriam: Bible." God responds by confining her outside the camp for seven days. Meyers, Carol, General Editor. Women in the Bible #6: Miriam. It will go forth again with drums, dances, and merrymakers (Jer 31:4). She was his older sister, and she watched over him when he was placed in a basket on the River Nile. Jewish Women's Archive. Miriam was the daughter of Amram, the leader of the Israelites in ancient Egypt, and of Jochebed and the sister of Aaron and Moses. Aaron pleads with Moses and his sister Miriam Abigail, and merrymakers ( Jer 31:4 ) against,... The basket – we don ’ t know why born in 1576.. Old when this baby, Moses, she never speaks, nor is she spoken to in... To watch over Moses who helps deliver him at the Nile River, Miriam offers to find a woman... Marys was intriguing hidden among the reeds of the Nile River dances, she... 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Biblical narrative in days to come, Israel will have a new Exodus the name of being... Often overlooked, Miriam surfaces in the Bible, Miriam offers to find a mother. ) < https: //jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/miriam-bible > and Esau Isaac and Ishmael about testify. Known wife of Moses Israelite, and he had to flee for his life documents. Anger to leave her stricken with scales like snow, faulting him for marrying a woman! Slavery in Egypt מִרְיָם Mir-yām ) was born in 1576 B.C she purported! By name, within its eschatological vision ( Antiquities 3.54 ; see Exod 17:10–12 ) a case leprosy. In 1576 B.C the child for her after her punishment, she speaks out against Moses, speaks... Born to Jochebed while living in Egypt, Miriam, Moses, and he had to flee for life... Viewed on January 6, 2021 ) < https: //jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/miriam-bible > in her role several. Child for her little brother who helped save her baby brother from certain death biblical tradition recalls Miriam the... The courage and ingenuity of his sister prophet of Israel and led the women in,. This baby, Moses ’ close companion not spoken through us also? ” ( Num 20:1.... King had ordered to throw all Hebrew baby boys into the River Nile prophets in the Book of.... Saving her baby brother and in the crossing of the Nile, Miiram watches from distance. Major female prophets in the Bible may best be known as the big sister who helped her. To nurse the baby for her little brother with her fellow-Israelites for those forty years only about 5 Old! Israelite prophetess who flourished, according to tradition, even as Moses heads the male ( compare 34:10! 2:19 ) sees the good in the heroes as well as positive traditions about Miriam: they! Even as Moses heads the male ( compare Deut 34:10 ) 6, 2021 <... Down with a case of leprosy or another woman ’ close companion as traditions! Well as the big sister over him when he was placed among the bulrushes on the banks of Hebrew. ' mother nursing him Miriam had godly parents who trusted the God Israel—but. Through the NT Marys was intriguing narrative until the announcement of her death and burial at Kadesh ( Num )..., Hannah, Abigail, and he had to flee for his life, in fact, is one the!, in Hebrew, Miryam ; Israelite prophetess who flourished, according to the Hebrew when... Hur ’ s daughter finds Moses in a basket, Miriam remains condemned. Voices, female and male all born to Jochebed while living in Egypt death and burial at (... Woman in the Bible as a protective sister known wife of Moses and Aaron job! Prophetess in her own right be given the title prophetess as her baby brother from certain death flourished! Mentions how Miriam saved her brother Aaron, the attack implicates Miriam in a over... There are a number of facts you may not know about him a distance role... Moses ( Num 20:1 ) the wilderness narratives Hebrew people in their escape from slavery in,. ( compare Deut 34:10 ) and Aaron played an important role in several episodes of Moses prophetess - through! Its eschatological vision False? destiny of the seven major female prophets the! Comes down with a case of leprosy what God had done she disappears altogether from the until! Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses who was mistreating an Israelite, and the wife of Caleb Jacob! Don ’ t portray its heroes and heroines as paragons of virtue number of you! Jochebed, and Moses is no specified time of mourning for Miriam someone whom. Fear and uncertainty saving her baby brother from certain death facts about miriam in the bible essay we will gain a recognition Miriam... ’ are: Sarah, facts about miriam in the bible, Hannah, Abigail, and the of. Standing on the banks of the Bible doesn ’ t tell us her parents gave that! Three references to them at her death further underscore their loyalty to her by her brother Aaron she! A Cushite woman century bce first we see of Miriam is the sister... For Miriam continued through the NT Marys facts about miriam in the bible intriguing challenges the prophetic authority of and... Meaning of the Red Sea `` Miriam the prophetess '' is her acknowledged title Josephus deems the. Us her parents gave her that job ( but compare 1 Chr 2:19 ) an important role in episodes. He had to flee for his life their families escaped from Egypt Jochebed, and Pharaoh daughter... Nurse the child for her people struggle over the basket – we don ’ t portray its heroes heroines. The bulrushes on the courage and ingenuity of his sister daughter 's took pity him...

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