hebrews 1 commentary


And let us own and honour him as God; for if he had not been God, he had never done the Mediator's work, and had never worn the Mediator's crown. John Piper Apr 4, 1996 42 Shares Sermon. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Hebrews. 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. The Lord Christ had the original right to govern the world, because he made the world in the beginning. "At the last part of these days." Achetez neuf ou d'occasion "His majesty is set forth: (1) Absolutely by the very name "Son," and by three glorious predicates, "whom He hath appointed," "by whom He made the worlds," "who sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;" thus His course is described from the beginning of all things till he reached the goal ( Hebrews 1:2 Hebrews 1:3 ). [ATHANASIUS, Against Arius, Orations, 2]. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. For proofs of Paul being the author, see my Introduction. The Greek implies, He not only appointed His Son heir of all things before creation, but He also (better than "also He") made by Him the worlds. 3 He reflects the glory of God and bears the very stamp of his nature, upholding the universe by his word of power. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission. PREVIOUS NEXT. Volume 1 covers Hebrews chapters 1-8. sent forth--present participle: "being sent forth" continually, as their regular service in all ages. Hebrews 1. Philemon. The angels minister to them in opposing the malice and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and the Holy Ghost. The manifestations of God by angels (and even by the angel of the covenant) at different times in the Old Testament, did not bring man and God into personal union, as the manifestation of God in human flesh does. Apr 4, 1996. Hebrews 1:8 "But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness [is] the scepter of thy kingdom." Lesson 1: God Has Spoken (Hebrews 1:1-2a) Lesson 2: The Supremacy of the Son (Hebrews 1:2b-3) Lesson 3: The Son’s Supremacy over Angels (Hebrews 1:4-14) Lesson 4: The Danger of Drifting Spiritually (Hebrews 2:1-4) Lesson 5: Our Glorious Destiny in Christ (Hebrews 2:5-9) Lesson 6: Why Jesus’ Death Was Fitting (Hebrews 2:10) Lesson 7: Jesus Our Brother and Savior (Hebrews … Proud member Only as Man he has his fellows, and as anointed with the Holy Spirit; but he is above all prophets, priests, and kings, that ever were employed in the service of God on earth. This power … by--Greek, "in." 12:6, 8; Joel 2:28 in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3 # John 1:14 who being the brightness of His glory and the express # 2 Cor. Each only knew in part; but when that which was perfect came in Messiah, that which was in part was done away ( 1 Corinthians 13:12 ). 47a, Hebrews 1-8 (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Thomas Nelson, 1991), lxvii. remainest--through (so the Greek) all changes. His right, as God with the Father, was absolute, resulting from his creating power. iniquity--"unnrighteousness." The saints, at present, are heirs, not yet come into possession. He Sat Down at the … This is an important point for several … God gave his name great honour when he raised him from the dead. First, In creating the world (Hebrews 1:10): And thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy hands. in the beginning--English Version, Psalms 102:25 , "of old": Hebrew, "before," "aforetime." 11 they will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment, 12 like a robe you will roll them up, like a garment they will be changed. "Worship Him all ye gods" ("gods," that is, exalted beings, as angels), refers to God; but it was universally admitted among the Hebrews that God would dwell, in a peculiar sense, in Messiah (so as to be in the Talmud phrase, "capable of being pointed to with the finger"); and so what was said of God was true of, and to be fulfilled in, Messiah. All appellations are but fragments of its glory beams united in it as in a central sun, Revelation 19:12 . THE BOOK OF HEBREWS (Hebrews 1:1-2:18) CHRIST IS BETTER THAN ANGELS; CHRIST IS PREFERRED ABOVE ANGELS; BOTH IN PERSON AND IN OFFICE. in divers manners--for example, internal suggestions, audible voices, the Urim and Thummim, dreams, and visions. Hebrews 1:1-2 Commentary. (1-3) And in his superiority to all the holy angels. . whom "He is not ashamed to call His brethren," but above the angels, fellow partakers in part with Him, though infinitely His inferiors, in the glories, holiness, and joys of heaven; "sons of God," and angel "messengers," though subordinate to the divine Angel--"Messenger of the covenant"). As a *human being, Jesus was the Son of God. to minister--Greek, "unto (that is, 'for') ministry." Angels shall gather all the saints together at the last day, when all whose hearts and hopes are set upon perishing treasures and fading glories, will be driven from Christ's presence into everlasting misery. worlds--the inferior and the superior worlds ( Colossians 1:16 ). Hebrews 1. (2) Relatively, in comparison with the angels, Hebrews 1:4 ; the confirmation of this follows, and the very name "Son" is proved at Hebrews 1:5 ; the "heirship," Hebrews 1:6-9 ; the "making the worlds," Hebrews 1:10-12 ; the "sitting at the right hand" of God, Hebrews 1:13 Hebrews 1:14 ." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. . "In one way He was seen by Abraham, in another by Moses, in another by Elias, and in another by Micah; Isaiah, Daniel, and Ezekiel, beheld different forms" [THEODORET]. We never can be thankful enough that God has in so many ways, and with such increasing clearness, spoken to us fallen sinners concerning salvation. . Watch our overview video on the book of Hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. "Light of (from) light" [Nicene Creed]. . Hebrews 1:1-14. As the first begotten, He is heir of the universe ( Hebrews 1:6 ), which He made instrumentally, Hebrews 11:3 , where "by the Word of God" answers to "by whom"' (the Son of God) here ( John 1:3 ). Let the thoughts of this make us watchful, diligent, and desirous of that better world. Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on Christ's being the Creator of all things, and therefore of angels themselves, but as being the risen and exalted Messiah in human nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made subject. Chapter 2. Another passage of Scripture, Psalm 12:25-27, is recited, in which the Almighty power of the Lord Jesus Christ is declared, both in creating the world and in changing it. Paul, Barnabas, Silas, Peter, Apollos, and others have been proposed. the antitype to Solomon, son of David. 2. in these last days--In the oldest manuscripts the Greek is. The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ( Hebrews 13:19 ). Updated: Fri, 10/02/2020 - 10:01 By admin. Christ was "appointed" (in God's eternal counsel) to creation as an office; and the universe so created was assigned to Him as a kingdom. Christ has a fourfold right to the title "Son of God"; (1) By generation, as begotten of God; (2) By commission, as sent by God; (3) By resurrection, as "the first-begotten of the dead" (compare Luke 20:36 , Romans 1:4 , Revelation 1:5 ); (4) By actual possession, as heir of all [BISHOP PEARSON]. Scripture: Hebrews 1:1–4. 9. They could not … Chapter 13. Literally, "ages" with all things and persons belonging to them; the universe, including all space and ages of time, and all material and spiritual existences. God ruled the theocracy in and through Him. Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. Book List. "I will be his father and he shall be my son." whom He sets (Hebrew, "anointed," Psalms 2:6 ) on His "holy hill of Zion," as King of the Jews and of the whole earth. 1. All Rights Reserved. Not only this proves His superiority, BUT a more decisive proof is Psalms 97:7 , which shows that not only at His resurrection, but also in prospect of His being brought into the world (compare Hebrews 9:11 , 10:5 ) as man, in His incarnation, nativity ( Luke 2:9-14 ), temptation ( Matthew 4:10 Matthew 4:11 ), resurrection ( Matthew 28:2 ), and future second advent in glory. They--The earth and the heavens in their present state and form "shall perish" ( Hebrews 12:26 Hebrews 12:27 , 2 Peter 3:13 ). 12. vesture--Greek, "an enwrapping cloak." Hebrews 1 Resources. The days of Messiah were the transition period or "last part of these days" (in contrast to "in times past"), the close of the existing dispensation, and beginning of the final dispensation of which Christ's second coming shall be the crowning consummation. 13 And to which of the angels has he ever said, ( W)“Sit at my right hand. . . Being made . The fullest realization of His Lordship shall be at His second coming ( Psalms 97:7 , 1 Corinthians 15:24 1 Corinthians 15:25 , Philippians 2:9 ). of The oldest manuscripts prefix "and" (compare Esther 4:11 ). The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ().For proofs of Paul being the author, see … (Compare Numbers 12:6-8 ). a garment--( Isaiah 51:6 ). 1 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by [his] Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. The Son is the last and highest manifestation of God ( Matthew 21:34 Matthew 21:37 ); not merely a measure, as in the prophets, but the fulness of the Spirit of God dwelling in Him bodily ( John 1:16 , 3:34 , Colossians 2:9 ). "Maketh" implies that, however exalted, they are but creatures, whereas the Son is the Creator ( Hebrews 1:10 ):not begotten from everlasting, nor to be worshipped, as the Son ( Revelation 14:7 , Revelation 22:8 Revelation 22:9 ). They have never become sons of God. The Septuagint, "in the beginning" (as in Genesis 1:1 ) answers by contrast to the end implied in "They shall perish," &c. The Greek order here (not in the Septuagint) is, "Thou in the beginning, O Lord," which throws the "Lord" into emphasis. There are many other ways that angels minister to the people of God, but the key point is that our Lord uses these beings for our benefit. . "The fulness of the glory of the peculiar name "the Son of God," is unattainable by human speech or thought. Christ is exalted above the angels (5-14) I. Verses 1-4. General . Chapter 7. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. He is "heir of all things" by right of creation, and especially by right of redemption. ministers." So Matthew, a Jew writing especially for Jews, quotes Scripture, not by the formula, "It is written," but "said," &c. in time past--From Malachi, the last of the Old Testament prophets, for four hundred years, there had arisen no prophet, in order that the Son might be the more an object of expectation [BENGEL]. when Thou hast ransomed and opened heaven to Thy people. John Piper Mar 31, 1996 361 Shares Sermon. The Spirit, by Paul, treats the Hebrew of the Old Testament, with independence of handling, presenting the divine truth in various aspects; sometimes as here sanctioning the Septuagint (compare Isaiah 34:4 , Revelation 6:14 ); sometimes the Hebrew; sometimes varying from both. 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