latin american history timeline


1824: Last patriot victories against the Spaniards: Bolívar at Junín in August and Sucre at Groups spread 1952: Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. Commonwealth. 1929: Plutarco Calles establishes the National Revolutionary Party (later the PRI) which then rules Mexico as a one-party state for the next seventy years. 1000-1476 CE: Chimú empire in Peru with a very large city at Chan-chan with panaqa burial CRS Report for Congress, 2002. 300-900 CE: Architectural developments (city on high, large platform) at Monte Albán in 1927: Augusto Cesár Sandino launches first Sandinista uprising in Nicaragua. 1/1959 * Dictator Fulgencio Batista, supported by the US until 1958, flees Castro's revolution in Cuba. Chile and Bolivia went to war after spending decades arguing over a border dispute. Harry S. Truman becomes the first president to visit Mexico City, laying a wreath at the foot of the U.S.-Mexican war monument to the Niños Heroes. all the way down to Chile in southern South America. He and a small group of conspirators started the rebellion by ringing the church bells … 1968: A large and important Student Movement ends with police and army massacring on students at the Plaza of Tlatelolco in Mexico City. Tenochtitlan The Aztects found Tenochtitlan. 1989: General Stoessner ousted form power in Paraguay. 1868-78: Independence movements in Cuba and Puerto Rico lead to the Ten Years' War in Cuba. 1551: The University of Mexico is founded. policeman of the Caribbean. 1999: Transfer of the Canal Zone from U.S. to Panamanian control. 1980: Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) guerrilla warfare starts in Peru. Independence in Mexico was sparked by Father Miguel Hidalgo, a priest living and working in the small town of Dolores. 1980: Archbishop Oscar Romero assassinated in El Salvador for his stance against military repression and human rights abuses. of Spain. Women and illiterate peasants gain the right to vote. 1928: José Carlos Mariátegui publishes Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Latin America History Timeline created by karpuentes. 1500: Pedro Álvares Cabral claims the Brazilian "hump" for Portugal. Novelist John Steinbeck publishes Tortilla Flat, a novel about Mexican American life in the United States. 1957-86: Papa Doc and Baby Doc Duvalier rule Haiti as dictators, with US support. 1780-81: Indian revolt led by Tupac Amaru II in Upper Peru. 1542: Bartolomé de las Casas named Bishop of Chiapas in southern Mexico. Remaining 0. Spanish claims to Alaska and the west coast of North America date to the papal bull of 1493, and the Treaty of Tordesillas. 1926-1929: Conflicts between the government and the hierarchy of the Catholic Church lead to (For more detailed information, see this Chronological history of the peace talks between the EZLN and the Mexican government, 1994-1998.). 1949: Women gain the franchise in Chile and Costa Rica. Latin America History Timeline created by mariapuente03. 1532: Francisco Pizarro captures Atahualpa, ending the Inca Empire. Correct 0. 1967: Guerrilla hero Ernesto "Che" Guevara is killed in Bolivia while attempting to spark a revolutionary uprising. 1961: Paraguay becomes the last country in Latin America to grant women the right to vote. Cuban gains independence from Spain; United States takes 1952: Latin America posts the highest population growth of all regions in the world, with Argentina growing 251% in 50 years and Brazil 191% 1952: Peron's wife Eva dies of cancer in Argentina as millions mourn her as a saint 1952: Responding to public discontent with the government, general Batista returns to Cuba and seizes power in the island's political affairs. What is a Timeline of American History? a quiz by almiklas • 121 plays • More. 1492: Spanish Roman Catholics expel the last of the Muslims and Jews from Spain. 1976: On March 24, generals Videla, Massera and Agosti form a military junta in Argentina. Jan 1, 1608. English Questions. 1822-1823: Iturbide is proclaimed emperor in Mexico. 1492: Christopher Columbus is lost at sea and is rescued by Arawak Indians in the Bahamas 200 BCE - 600 CE: Pottery with realistic painting at Moche on the northern Peruvian coast. Aztecs found Tenochtitlan The Aztecs found Tenochtitlan and started building the first Aztec temples. 9 Tries. 1000-1492 CE: Urban, stratified, militarized, imperialistic empires with no important Press play! This game is part of a tournament. elected socialist to take power in Latin America. Walker treatment of Indians. The 20th century has been marked by dramatic political changes and upheavals with the majority of the countries of Latin America suffering from military dictatorships and civil wars. 1791-1804: Slave revolt on French island of Saint-Dominigue (Haiti) leads to independence. In the decades following European contact, disease, enslavement and land seizure destroyed the advanced civilizations of the continent, both in the Andes and the Amazon regions, sending the surviving inhabitants back to a far simpler social organization. Quit. Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico. the Cristero Rebellio, a widespread revolt in central and western Mexico. 4 vols. Due to its slow motion from October 29 to November 3, Hurricane Mitch dropped historic amounts of rainfall in Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. Santiago, Chile is destroyed by an earthquake. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest. Hispanic-American history is American history. A chronology of key events in the history of Argentina, from 1916 to the present Using the Napoleonic invasion of Spain as an excuse, most of Latin America declared independence from Spain in 1810. 1569-81: Administration of Francisco de Toledo, viceroy of Peru. 1932: A peasant uprising in El Salvador leads to the death of 30,000 Indians. 1953: Women gain the franchise in Mexico. 1819: Colombian and Venezuelan independence. Gravity. 1513-21: Ponce de Leon explores Florida on two expeditions. GN 333 .W67 1998 Reference; Worldmark Encyclopedia of Nations. 1953: Fidel Castro launches a failed uprising at the Moncada Barracks in Santiago, Cuba. 1524: Council of the Indies established to help administer the new colonies. 1957-86 * Papa Doc and Baby Doc Duvalier rule Haiti as dictators, with US support. — 1493 Papal Bulls of Donation give Portugal and Spain rights in the “New World.” — 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas divides the “New World” between Spain and Portugal. technological advances. Foreign Affairs Division, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. 1968: Latin American bishops meeting in Medellín, Colombia, embrace liberation theology and announce a 'preferential option for the poor.'. and beginnings of agriculture and village life. In 1513, this claim was reinforced by Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa, the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean, when he claimed all lands adjoining this ocean for the Spanis… reelect himself seven times, and his dictatorship, the "Porfiriato" (1876-1911), will last thirty-four in South America. 1974-1976: Isabel Martínez de Perón assumes presidency of Argentina. 1544: First viceroy, Blasco Núñez Vela, arrives in Peru with the New Laws, which triggers civil 1415-60: Prince Henry the Navigator opens the great Portuguese "Age of Exploration.". 1879-84: War of the Pacific involves Chile, Peru, Bolivia. 1799-1803: German geographer Alexander von Humboldt explores Mexico and South America. South America’s history was put on a completely different trajectory with Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the Americas in the 1490s. 1956: US-supported dictator Anastasio Somoza assassinated in Nicaragua. 1979: Sandinistas take power in Nicaragua. Cortes and his men marched into the interior of the country until they reached the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan. After a series of major battles at sea and on land, the Chileans were victorious. G63 .W67 2004 v.3 Reference; Circulating Items Circulating Items: Morgan Stacks, Maps . Latin America is without a doubt a region with a troubled and complicated history, featuring momentous historical events that have influenced the rest of the world. Independence from Spain came suddenly for most of Latin America. 8000-2000 BCE: Disappearance of large game leads to switch to small game, gathering, fishing, of material culture. 1984: Raul Alfonsín, of the Radical Party, assumes the presidency of Argentina ending nine years of military rule. 1988: Pinochet loses plebiscite in Chile which was to extend his military rule. The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) 1929: On February 17 the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was founded by Mexican American men in Corpus Christi, Texas. Share | Discover in a free daily email today's famous history and birthdays Enjoy the Famous Daily . The Olmec are also known for their monolithic stone heads. Latin music is the result of a complex social and historical process that took place in the Americas after the arrival of Columbus. 1939-1959: Fulgencio Batista era in Cuba. At that time there were no full-time Gospel preachers in Panama. Colonial Latin American and US-Latin American Relations courses. Ronald Reagan orders U.S. forces to invade the small Caribbean island to halt Cuban work on an airstrip. 1830: Gran Colombia splits into the separate countries of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. Mar 1, 1519. efficient organizational and administrative structures. 1815: Simón Bolívar forced to retreat to the island of Jamaica. 1992: Anti-quincentennial protests strengthen Indigenous-rights movement. 1823: United States issues the Monroe Doctrine which warning Europe against the recolonization Artigas Pueyrredón offered to help but he refused. 1967: Colombian Gabriel García Márquez publishes One Hundred Years of Solitude which becomes Latin America's most famous novel and a classic example of magical realism. Chile rescues 33 Miners trapped underground for 69 days. 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas divides the New World between Spain and Portugal. | Marc Becker's Home Page 1961: Nicaraguan guerrillas organize the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). Independence. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 1793-1815: Napoleonic Wars disrupt political rule in Europe. Richard Grimmet, Instances of Use of Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2001. 1507: A German cartographer publishes a map of the New World, using the name America in Caudíllos: 19th - 20th century: From the 1830s each new Latin American republic goes its own way, though often distracted by border conflicts with neighbours. Parts of this chronology are reprinted with permission from Dr. Richard W. Slatta's Ancient and 1994: U.S., Mexico, and Canada form NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. the War of Independence against Spain. Latin American History Timeline (Events) STUDY. 1961: Paraguay becomes the last country in Latin America to grant women the right to vote. 1700: Philip V becomes king of Spain, and the Bourbon dynasty replaces the dynasty of the HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA Timeline. 1990: FSLN loses elections to Violeta Chamorro in Nicaragua and an elected civilian government takes over from Augusto Pinochet in Chile. Also see this comparative Ancient America Time Line. Works by archeologists and historians focusing on the colonial era in Latin America (1492-1825), which were not called “environmental history” at the time, are a rejoinder to that criticism. The Aztects found Tenochtitlan. 2000-400 BCE: The beginnings of hieroglyphic writing & calendrics with the Olmec in Mexico. of National Liberation and commanded by a charismatic leader known as Subcomandante Marcos. 1200-1532 CE: The Inka form the Tawantinsuyu empire in the Andes with sophisticated and very Guerrillas organize the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). honor of Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512). 1550: Debate between Las Casas and Sepúlveda at Valladolid in Spain. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Nazca lines on the southern Peruvian coast. Peru gains independence. 1945: Women gain the franchise in Guatemala and Panama. 5/1958 * Vice President Richard Nixon meets strong anti-American sentiment on his "good will" tour of Latin America. Guatemalan Miguel Ángel Asturias awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. Jump to a year: BCE CE. 1823-1855: Period of Santa Anna in Mexico. 1750: Treaty of Madrid shifts Spanish-Portuguese border in South America. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Latin American History Timeline created by elias_pleitez. 1511: Sermon of Antonio de Montesinos criticizing colonists' treatment of the Indians. 950-1150 CE: The formation of militaristic empires, wars, invasions with the Toltecs in Mexico 1954: General Stroessner comes to power in Paraguay. It was something that never has happened in history. The Panama Canal is a land bridge that connects the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. Adam-Onis Treaty: U.S.-Mexico boundary established by Spain and the United States. 2000-200 BCE: Improvements in agriculture, culture, and social structures. 1942: Women gain the franchise in the Dominican Republic. 0:00.0. LULAC is the largest and longest-lasting Latino civil rights group in the country. 1986: Indigenous groups in Ecuador form CONAIE, a pan-Indian organization. 1955: Women gain the franchise in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Peru. 1934: U.S. abrogates the Platt Amendment of 1901 which governed Cuba. 1950: Women gain the franchise in El Salvador. 1535-1550: Antonio de Mendoza is named the first viceroy of New Spain. 1 Jun, 2020 Sound On/Off. He defends his actions with a speech History Will Absolve Me. September 12, 1860. Spanish establish viceroyalty of New Granada, encompassing all territory between Orinoco and Amazon Rivers. 450-750 CE: Theocratic empire develops at Teotihuacán in Mexico with a large urban center and Ayacucho in December. Again. Oscar Niemeyer designed the buildings for the new capital of Brasilia, which was built in the interior of Brazil. 1830s: Rise of caudillos, self-interested military dictators backed by private armies. a Data Handbook: South America. 1994: A rebellion breaks out in the southern state of Chiapas, Mexico, led by the Zapatista Army The widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, technology, disease and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres transformed life in Europe, the Americas and Africa. Learn. Flashcards. 1982: British victory in the Malvinas/Falklands war leads to the collapse of the military government in Argentina and a return to civilian rule. Between 1810 and 1825, most of Spain's former colonies had declared and won independence and had divided up into republics. F1410 .R395 2000 Reference; South America, Central America and the Caribbean (Europa). You need to be a group member to play the tournament. 1988: The PRI uses electoral fraud to prevent Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of gaining the presidency in Mexico. Pyramids of the Sun and Moon. Important dates through the chronology of the United States. Vicente Fox was elected president of Mexico. … On July 3, Indians brought maize, beans, squash, and fresh and smoked meat to the Jamestown colony. 1778-79: Tiradentes' plot (the Inconfidência Mineira) for independence of Brazil. 1944: Guatemalan revolution overthrows Jorge Ubico. 1989: George Bush orders invasion of Panama to capture one-time dictator Manuel Noriega. 1542: The Spanish Crown issues Las Nuevas Leyes (The New Laws) to protect the Indians. Captain John Smith is captured by Native American Chief Powhatan and saved from death by the chief's daughter, Pocahontas. compounds. 1889: Abdication of Pedro II in Brazil; Brazil proclaimed a republic. Blog. Deaths due to flooding made it the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history; nearly 11,000 people were killed with over 11,000 left missing by the end of 1998. 1904: Theodore Roosevelt's Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine declares the U.S. to be the Jan 1, 1494. Hernando Cotes Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico. Women gain the right to vote in Cuba. A Reference Guide to Latin American History. Many Mexicans thought he was a good leader for their country. Write. (October 12). Emily_Salwin . 1996: Peace agreement in Guatemala, but human rights violations continue. 1822: King Pedro declares Brazil independent from Portugal. José Maria Morelos y Pavón takes command of the Mexico. In 1816 Portuguese troops invaded Uruguay again. 1961-69: Kennedy's Alliance for Progress tries to bring reform and development to Latin America. Mexico achieved its independence from Spain under Agustin Iturbide. History of Latin America - History of Latin America - The independence of Latin America: After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. 1742-1755: Revolt of Juan Santos Atahualpa "the invincible" in Peru. 1898: Spanish-Cuban-American War. 1954: Women gain the franchise in Colombia. Please send any suggestions, comments, corrections, additions, 1542: Bartolomé de las Casas writes Devastation of the Indies to push the "New Laws" to reform 1961-69: Kennedy's Alliance for Progress tries to bring reform and development to Latin America. leads to population increase & pressure. 1855-1876: Period of Benito Juárez in Mexico. Spanish rule in the Americas ended in 1898 when they lost their final colonies to the United States following the Spanish-American War. 1511: Atuey leads Indigenous resistance to Spanish settlement of Cuba. Years: c. 5000 BCE - 2010: Subject: Encyclopedias, Geographical reference : Publisher: HistoryWorld: Online Publication Date: 2012 Current online version: 2012 eISBN: 9780191736674 Read More. 1847-1848: Maya Indians rebel against plantation owners in Yucatán, Mexico in what is known as the Caste War. 1813: Morelos convokes the first Mexican Congress, which formally declares Mexican 0%. In History. History. 1570-71: The Inquisition is established in Lima and Mexico City. 1810: Creoles establish ruling juntas in Carcas, Venezuela, Santiago, Chile, Buenos Aires, Cuba's population grows from 1.6 million in 1899 to 4 million, thanks to European immigration and improved health care. 1983: Assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of Grenada. 1952: The National Revolutionary Movement (MNR) comes to power in Bolivia. 1864-70: Period of Mariano Melgarejo in Bolivia. 1938: Lázaro Cárdenas nationalizes the oil industry in Mexico. 1810: The priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issues the "Grito de Dolores" in Mexico which begins Match. Cortes and his men marched into the interior of the country until they reached the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan. Jan 1, 1325. control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Phillippines. 1932-1935: Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay leads to costly defeat for Bolivia. 1964: Military coups end MNR rule in Bolivia and democractic rule in Brazil. 1932: Women gain the franchise in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay. 1970: Salvador Allende in Chile elected president in Chile, and becomes the first democratically Take a deeper look into the history of Latin American Missions and the heart behind the work. 1947: Women gain the franchise in Argentina and Venezuela. 1992: Peace agreement ends civil war in El Salvador. Peru, which had a military alliance with Bolivia, was drawn into the war as well. 200 BCE - 1000 CE (Common Era): Emergence of cities, social stratification, and the flowering 1973: CIA-backed coup overthrows Allende in Chile; military government under General Augusto Pinochet kills thousands of opponents. TImeline of Latin American History . 600-800 CE: Rise of large urban cities & empires at Huari in Peruvian Highlands. 300-900 CE: High developments in astrology, calendrics, math, writing among the Maya in United States wins the Mexican-American War. Year Event; c. 5000 BCE: Squash and chili are the first plants to be cultivated in America, in the Tehuácan valley in modern Mexico. Test. Subsequent events suggest that Spain has left her colonies ill-equipped for self-rule. President Woodrow Wilson sends troops to Veracruz, Mexico, in an effort to depose Victoriano Huerta, who soon resigns. 1940: The First Inter-American Indigenist Congress held in Pátzcuaro, Mexico leads to the formation of the Instituto Indigenista Interamericana (III). Jan 1, 1325. F1408.29 .S68 Reference; Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures & Daily Life. 1610: First Jesuit missions among the Guaraní in Paraguay. Terms in this set (15) The Colombia Exchange. Menu of timelines derived from more than 10,000 world history events in HistoryWorld. 1903: United States engineers Panama's separation from Colombia. By the end of the year, starvation and disease reduce the original 105 settlers to just 32 survivors. 30,000 BCE (Before the Common Era): Highly mobile hunting and gathering groups cross the Grossman, Zoltan. 3500-1700 BCE:Early ceramics and fertility figurines appear at Valdivia on the Ecuadorian coast Pace of reforms accelerates, including expropriation of United Fruit Company banana lands. highlands. too few (you: not rated) Category. 1531: Virgin of Guadalupe appears to Juan Diego on a hill outside of Mexico City. Their resulting "guerra sucia" (Dirty War) lasted until 1983 and killed or "vanished" thousands of people. 1933: FDR announces "Good Neighbor Policy.". 1739: Establishment of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Juan José Arévalo elected president. 1838: United Provinces of Central America breaks into five republics (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica). 1345-1521 CE: The Mexicas (Aztecs) form a militaristic tribute empire in Mexico. 1519-22: Hernán Cortés enters, lays siege to, and conquers Aztec capital Tenochtitlán. 1950: Jacobo Arbenz elected president in Guatemala. 1964: Military coups end MNR rule in Bolivia and democractic rule in Brazil. Hapsburgs. 1987: Former Costa Rican president Oscar Arías is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in settling Central American conflicts. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Period: Jan 7, 1300. to Jan 7, 2011. II, Oxford University Press, 2005 II, Oxford University Press, 2005 “Petrópolis, Treaty of (1903).” Wrong 0. He will Elections in the Americas. Jan 1, 1325. Alberto Fujimori resigns as president of Peru. Created by. Mesoamerica. 1901: Platt Amendment to Cuba's new constitution gives the U.S. the unilateral right to intervene 1948: Organization of American States formed. 1982: Colombian Gabriel García Márquez awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. Vol 3. Bering Strait land bridge in pursuit of large game and enter North America. Central America have been governed by Mexico then they declared independence from Mexico and became the United Provinces. 1615: Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala finishes Nueva Corónica y buen gobierno to King Philip III 28 May 2020. 1864-70: War of the Triple Alliance between Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay. Gain the franchise in the Andes with sophisticated and very efficient organizational and administrative structures Bolivia was! Agustín de Iturbide declares Mexico independent with his Plan of Iguala 's separation from Colombia 180 Landings the. At Teotihuacán in Mexico was sparked by Father Miguel Hidalgo, a novel Mexican! 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