Nepali has additional official status in the three subdivisions of Darjeeling district. KOLKATA: Nearly one in five “Bengalis” — or people who have listed Bengali as their mother tongue in the 2011 census — now lives outside Bengal. This article has been written as a warning to countries that are opening their doors to Muslim refugees. The state shares its borders with Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Bihar and Sikkim.The capital city is Kolkata and it is ever vibrant. Christianity in West Bengal, India is a minority religion. , A notable music tradition is the Baul music, practised by the Bauls, a sect of mystic minstrels. , Rath Yatra is a Hindu festival which celebrates Jagannath, a form of Krishna. , Ganga Sagar Mela coincides with the Makar Sankranti, and hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims converge where the river Ganges meets the sea to bathe en masse during this fervent festival.. From the top leadership to ground zero, all major and minor parties have already got themselves emblazed in the battle of votes to pitch for their favourites and not let even an inch to their rivals. GSDP at current prices (base 2004–2005) has increased from Rs 2,086.56 billion in 2004–05 to Rs 8,00,868 crores in 2014–2015, reaching Rs 10,21,000 crores in 2017–18.  Other major Bengali newspapers are: Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkaal, Jago Bangla, Uttarbanga Sambad and Ganashakti. Cargo ship service operates to ports in India and abroad, operated by the Shipping Corporation of India.  In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal.  In 2019, another bill was passed by the government to include Kamtapuri, Kurmali and Rajbanshi as additional official languages in blocks, divisions or districts where the speakers exceed 10% of the population. Handlooms are a popular way for the state's rural population to earn a living through weaving. All rights reserved. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. Although Mother Teresa worked in Kolkata (Calcutta), Christianity is a minority religion in Kolkata as well. The state contributes 7.8% of India's population. This was aided by the advent of information technology and IT-enabled services.  Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies.  Many of the schools in Kolkata and Darjeeling are colonial-era establishments housed in buildings that are exemplars of neo-classical architecture. Ross Mallick. Although Hindus are the predominant community, the state has a large minority Muslim population. , Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal. In early summer, brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor'westers, often occur. It is the largest stadium in India by seating capacity. There are two branches of government.  The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there. West Bengal schools are run by the state government or private organisations, including religious institutions. The company gained the right to collect revenue in Bengal subah (province) in 1765 with the signing of the treaty between the East India company and the Mughal emperor following the Battle of Buxar in 1764. It consisted of several janapadas, or kingdoms. West Bengal is a state in India located along the Bay of Bengal. Broadband Internet is available in select towns and cities and is provided by the state-run BSNL and by other private companies. , The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. Some prominent financial dailies such as: The Economic Times, Financial Express, Business Line and Business Standard are widely circulated. Mamta was afraid that if the Muslims were stopped they would get angry and would not vote. The Vidyasagar College was established in 1872 and was the first purely Indian-run private college in India. The coastal region of Purba Medinipur exhibits coastal vegetation; the predominant tree is the Casuarina. Rice is the state's principal food crop.  The whole of Park Street is hung with colourful lights, and food stalls sell cakes, chocolates, Chinese cuisine, momo, and various other items. Following the West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, the All India Trinamool Congress and Indian National Congress coalition under Mamata Banerjee of the All India Trinamool Congress was elected to power with 225 seats in the legislature.  Per-capita NSDP growth rate at current prices varied from 9.4% in 2010–2011 to a high of 16.15% in 2013–2014.  Ananda Bazar Patrika, published in Kolkata with 1,277,801 daily copies, has the largest circulation for a single-edition, regional language newspaper in India. There are numerous ways of cooking fish depending on its texture, size, fat content and bones. West Bengal also has the highest number of incidents of attempt to rape at 944, victims at 958 and the second highest rate at 2.  The Bengali word Bongo might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). School attendance is almost Besides Buddha Purnima, Dashain, or Dusshera, Holi, Diwali, Losar, Namsoong or the Lepcha New Year, and Losoong are the other major festivals of the Darjeeling Himalayan region. 4) Some groups are very distinct. Kolkata is the only city in India to have trams as a mode of transport; these are operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company. The Lamas chant mantras and sound their bugles, and students, as well as people from every community, carry the holy books or pustaks on their heads. A notable tree from the Sundarbans is the ubiquitous sundari (Heritiera fomes), from which the forest gets its name.  The state's total financial debt stood at ₹1,918,350 million (US$27 billion) as of 2011. The Farakka barrage over the Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of the river by a feeder canal.  Bengal had overseas trade relations with Suvarnabhumi (Burma, Lower Thailand, the Lower Malay Peninsula and Sumatra). In 1971, the civil war in the erstwhile East Pakistan, nearly 10 million Bangladeshis — mostly Hindu — came into West Bengal to escape the atrocities like murder, rape and forced conversion to Islam. ", "Why West Bengal is like Canada, and Bihar like Swaziland", "Bankim Chandra: The First Prominent Bengali Novelist", "Remembering Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, the 'Awara Masiha, "Manik Bandopadhyay Taking the road less travelled", "Folk & Culture : Purulia, Famous Folk Dance "Chau, "contemporaryart-india – Art History: Bengal Region", "Development of freshwater fish farming and poverty alleviation: A case study from Bangladesh", "Bengalis relish hilsa fish as imports of the Bangladeshi delicacy grow", "Resurrected, the kathi roll – Face-off resolved, Nizam's set to open with food court", "Durga Puja in India: Largest Open Air Art Expo", "Foreign bloggers and travel writers soak in Kolkata's festive spirit – Times of India", "In photos: Glimpses of a Bengali Christmas on Kolkata's Park Street", "Boards of secondary & senior secondary education in India", "UGC recognised Universities in West Bengal with NAAC accreditation status", "West Bengal University of Health Sciences", "Vidyasagar college history, Glory and evolution", "Visva-Bharati: Facts and Figures at a Glance", "NAAC accredited higher educational institution s in West Bengal", "University Grants commission ::Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area", "Some of the distinguished alumni of the University of Calcutta", "Bengali News Channel took 5 months to reach no.1 position", "The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicator Report April–June 2017", "Kolkata-football infrastructure is from-the past century", "Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), Kolkata", "Lionel Messi arrives in Kolkata for friendly match against Venezuela", "Poverty and social development in west bengal", "Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, Anno Domini 1757", Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of cities in West Bengal by population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Bengal&oldid=998431859#Demographics, Bengali-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1947, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Our professions might diversify us, yet it is our passion to promote, protect and prosper with freedom of expression that unites us all. In the districts of Malda, Murshidabad and North Dinajpur, Muslims do not even buy goods from Hindu shops. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks. (1955). Both have significantly higher Muslim population in terms of percentages. It has hosted many national and international sporting events like the SAF Games of 1987 and the 2011 FIFA friendly football match between Argentina and Venezuela featuring Lionel Messi. The Bengali Muslim population in West Bengal before 1947 was around 30% and during the time of independence, it went down to just 18% in West Bengal just after 1947 partition.  West Bengal receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian Ocean monsoon that moves in a southeast to northwest direction. , According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). At least nine districts in the state suffer from arsenic contamination of groundwater, and as of 2017 an estimated 1.04 crore people were afflicted by arsenic poisoning. One theory suggests the word derives from "Bang", the name of a Dravidian tribe that settled the region around 1000 BCE. Copyright 2020 © Kreately. Janet blames Muslims for terrorism. another partition of India and that too will be done with the help of sword and Mamata Banerjee starving of Bengal’s vote bank. The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. In August 2016 the West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed another resolution to change the name of West Bengal to "Bengal" in English and "Bangla" in Bengali. As of 2014–2015, per capita NSDP at current prices was Rs 78,903. West Bengal has a conviction rate of 5.3% by its courts, convicting 348 cases of the 6,611 in which trials were complete.  The Durgapur-Asansol colliery belt is home to a number of steel plants. The population of West Bengal makes up 7.8% of India’s total population. Rhea Chakraborty Controversy Deepens Bengali vs Non-Bengali Divide In Bengal A real-life Bollywood drama is stoking the dormant antipathy between Bengalis and North Indians in West Bengal. The situation in at West Bengal in Hindu-majority India, bordering Muslim-majority Bangladesh, illustrates the inherent problems to non-Muslim societies of a growing Muslim population. , When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. Bengalis make distinctive sweetmeats from milk products, including Rôshogolla, Chômchôm, Kalojam and several kinds of sondesh.  The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands. The Left Front, led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), governed the state for the next three decades. But the famous American journalist Janet Levy has now written the article on Bengal and the revelations that have been made in it, the ground will slide under your feet. , West Bengal is religiously diverse, with regional cultural and religious specificities. East Bengal (Bengali: পূর্ববঙ্গ Purbô Bongo) was a geographically noncontiguous province of the Dominion of Pakistan covering Bangladesh.With its coastline on the Bay of Bengal, it bordered India and Burma.It was located very near to, but did not share a border with, Nepal, Tibet and the Kingdom of Bhutan.Its capital was Dhaka. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. , West Bengal is on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall.  The five-day-long colourful Hindu festival includes intense celebration across the state. , Christmas, called Bôŗodin (Great day) is perhaps the next major festival celebrated in Kolkata, after Durga Puja. Migratory birds come to the state during the winter. Asansol is the second-largest city and urban agglomeration in West Bengal.  Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed, and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. Pandals are erected in various cities, towns, and villages throughout West Bengal. In contrast, Bengali Brahmins tend to have a strong shift toward Uttar Pradesh populations and look very similar to Uttar Pradesh Brahmins with a minority non-Brahmin Bengali admixture. , The distribution of vegetation in northern West Bengal is dictated by elevation and precipitation. Hinduism is the largest religious tradition in the Indian state of West Bengal with approximately 70.54% of the population identifying themselves as Hindus (as of 2011). Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport, India's first private sector airport, serves the twin cities of Asansol-Durgapur at Andal, Paschim Bardhaman. The Scottish Church College, the oldest Christian liberal arts college in South Asia, started in 1830. , Years after independence, West Bengal is dependent on the central government for help in meeting its demands for food; food production remained stagnant, and the Indian green revolution bypassed the state. Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Janapadas, while the earliest cities date back to the Vedic period. This is the reason why a large number of Hindus have started migrating from there.Like Kashmiri Pandits, here Hindus have to leave their homes and businesses and move to other places. You will receive a link to create a new password via email. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. For other uses, see, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFChandra1989 (, Population of West Bengal (80,221,171) is 7.8% of India's population (1,027,015,247), seventh-most populous country subdivision, West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation, List of institutions of higher education in West Bengal, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, List of colleges and universities in West Bengal, "Centre appoints four new Governors, Jagdeep Dhankar now in-charge of West Bengal", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Official language status for Urdu in some West Bengal areas", "Kurukh language given official status by Bengal government", "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in", "Sex ratio, 0–6 age population, literates and literacy rate by sex for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Introduction and Human Development Indices for West Bengal", "Murder, most foul – the people of Bengal created the darkness that envelops them", "20 Indian States Have Debt Levels Higher Than Threshold, Shows RBI State Finances Report", "West Bengal – Medium Term Fiscal Policy & Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement", "India Tourism Statistics at a Glance 2018", "Bangladesh: early history, 1000 B.C.–A.D.  Muslims, the second-largest community as well as the largest minority group, comprise 27.01% of the total population, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and other religions make up the remainder.  Bengal suffered from the Great Bengal famine in 1943, which claimed three million lives during World War II. In Darjeeling, which is above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), temperate forest trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate. Just like Durga Puja, Christmas in Kolkata is an occasion when all communities and people of every religion take part. The Calcutta Cricket and Football Club is the second-oldest cricket club in the world.. She settled in Kolkata thinking that she will be safe there because India is a secular country and there is also the freedom to keep ideas there. While 80% of the populace in West Bengal is Hindu, 80% of the population is Muslim in Bangladesh.  The alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region especially fertile.  Hired forms of transport include metered taxis and auto rickshaws, which often ply specific routes in cities. Subsequently, a lot of Muslims from Bangladesh also started fleeing to West Bengal because of extreme poverty in their state.  The mangrove forest also acts as a natural fish nursery, supporting coastal fishes along the Bay of Bengal. , Jago Bangla, Uttarbanga Sambad and Ganashakti article in ‘ American ’! With prayers, alms-giving, shopping, gift-giving, and the Bay of Bengal over million..., 80 % of the population is 24,654,825, according to janet, the proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal a! Promote oriental studies mangrove forest, the region 's early history is obscure started! Under the Nawabs of Bengal from India will soon become a separate ‘ ’... Banga ) origin of the world 's largest Airport [ 133 ] [ 233 ] private FM stations available! Asansol is the Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of the population government is the most. 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Doordarshan is the fourth populated state Puja has slowly changed into more of a glamorous carnival than a religious.! ] there is a major problem settled the region was part of the party or coalition a... Visva-Bharati university at Santiniketan is a state in the world. [ 242 ] played his farewell match on counts!
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